Author: Hans-Dieter Evers, Anthony Banyouko Ndah & Liyana Yahya
Abstract: This atlas presents the geo-visual outcome of the project titled “Knowledge hubs in Brunei Darussalam”.*
The availability and application of knowledge has been identified as the most important driving force of innovation and the social and economic development of a knowledge-based economy. As an additional factor the spatial distribution of high-level manpower, of knowledge producing institutions and of high-tech driven industrial production, in short the development of knowledge clusters is seen as an essential precondition for sustainable economic growth. The initial attempt to map knowledge clusters was done with the aid of the free software ‘DIVA GIS’. Later on, with access to ArcGIS soft ware, the map quality and visual effects was improved upon. All the maps produced so far have therefore been included in this first atlas which is intended to serve as a reference document not only for similar studies and research but for development planning in Brunei Darussalam. This atlas will therefore serve as a valuable tool for both researchers and government departments. In the general map-making process, three vector layers – roads, rail roads and water areas – are overlaid on the Brunei shapefile which contains administrative boundaries, downloaded from Diva GIS web site. Coordinates of knowledge institutions were imported to the Diva GIS soft ware from an Excel spread sheet appearing as point symbols on the maps, representing individual institutions. It should however be borne in mind that the mapping process is still continuous and improvements and corrections will further be done to remove current imperfections. This is therefore not the final output.
*This project was carried out under a UBD research grant by a research team: Associate Professor Dr Roger Lawrey, (formerly FBEPS UBD) School of Accounting, Economics and Finance, University of Southern Queensland; Professor Dr Hans-Dieter Evers, Eminent Visiting Professor, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, UBD; Hjh Siti Rafidzah binti Hj Sulaiman, Lecturer, Faculty of Business, Economics and Policy Studies, UBD; Anthony Banyouko, PhD Research Fellow, Environmental Studies Program, FASS UBD; LiyanaYahya, Research Assistant, FBEPS UBD; Dr Farah Purwaningrum, Research Fellow, Institute of Asian Studies, UBD.